is superior to other organic fertilizers in terms of its effect on plant
growth, development and productivity. Contributes to the creation of an optimal,
favorable reaction of the environment. One gram of vermicompost contains over a
billion bacteria and a million fungi, as well as other groups of
microorganisms, the interactions between these groups of organisms are very
complex and diverse. Of this variety of microbial cells that can be seen under
a microscope in a soil sample, the overwhelming majority, about 90%, cannot yet
be identified, isolated and grown even using modern laboratory methods. Only
10% of how these microorganisms function and interact in soil has been
scientifically researched. We see that they exist, but their relationship in
the soil ecosystem is only being investigated.
It is known that plants cannot feed on their own, and in
order to feed nutrition, they need micro flora to dissolve and to split the
necessary substances at the right time. ALL THESE BACTERIA, FUNGI AND MICRO
ORGANISMS LOCATED IN VERMIKOMPOST FORM A MICROFLORA, DUE TO WHICH THE PLANTS
FEED. This is the main function of vermicompost - to form a comfortable micro
flora for plants to inhabit. It is also a microbiological fertilizer, it is inhabited by a unique community of microorganisms that create soil fertility. Vermicompost forms a complete medium for plant nutrition throughout the maturation period. Unlike other fertilizers, including organic.
The nature of microbiological processes in vermicompost and compost is completely different. Thus, thermophilic bacteria play a major role in composting, and mesophylls and fungi, whose activity is stimulated by worms, play a major role in the formation of vermicompost. The main part of the most useful microorganisms comes from the digestive tract of worms. As a result, coprolites (excreta) are a kind of reserve and accumulator of useful soil microflora. Therefore, vermicompost works in the soil much more efficiently than composts.
The resulting humates from peat, leonardite and
coal have an extremely low level of ACTIVE components, unlike vermicompost.
Vermicompost, according to the content of humus exceeds 7 - 8 times the manure,
and 10 - 15 times in efficiency. Vermicompost, in comparison with organic
fertilizers, contain considerably more mobile nutrients in coprolites of worms,
10 - 31 times of assimilable potassium, 7 — phosphorus, 2 times
calcium and magnesium. Vermicompost nutrients slowly dissolve in water and thus
can provide plants with food for a long time. Vermicompost has other
valuable properties, such as high moisture capacity, moisture resistance,
hydrophilicity, mechanical strength, and the absence of weed seeds.
Vermicompost is able to accumulate up to 70% of water and is up to 15 times
more effective than any organic fertilizer.